Evidence suggests that there are three main drivers of poverty in Scotland income from employment; income from social security and benefits in kind; and costs of living. These three drivers form the basis of the Scottish Government’s Child Poverty Delivery Plan 2018–2022. Both local and national action to address these drivers are necessary to meet the 2030 targets to reduce child poverty in Scotland laid out in the Child Poverty (Scotland) Act 2017. We refer to these drivers of poverty throughout this local action report.
The Act also sets out interim targets, to be met in the financial year beginning on 1 April 2023 – which is the halfway point between the position at the time the Child Poverty (Scotland) Act was passed and the 2030 target date for the meeting of the targets:
less than 18% of children are in relative poverty
less than 14% of children are in absolute poverty
less than 8% of children are in combined low income and material deprivation
less than 8% of children are in persistent poverty
As part of the mapping, consideration has also been taken of protected characteristics. This provision reflects the need to consider whether families with a member or members with one or more protected characteristics may face particular challenges in terms of:
being able to access a level of income which can sustain a family
having to meet costs linked to one or more family members having one or more protected characteristics, additional to the costs incurred in raising a family
A full list of these Protected Characteristics, (as set out in the Equality Act 20104), is below:
marriage and civil partnership
pregnancy and maternity
religion or belief
‘No One Left Behind’ the National agreement to align employability services across Scotland will play a big role in Income Maximisation and links to the work underway through Tay Cities Deal.